Slab is a stone with relatively large dimensions, the size of each side of which is usually larger than 120 cm. Slabs are made from large pieces of stone, called blocks. The thickness of each slab is about 2 cm. All type of stones including marble, onyx, travertine and granite can be produced as slabs.
The cost of processing slab stone production is relatively twice the cost of producing tiles. This factor along with the Natural origin and unique appearance of large slab stone make it more expensive than tile. Slab stone has a unique beauty because of the variety of colors and designs and the display of a large area of the design and streaks; that is why engineers, architects and interior designers have been using slab stone in their designs in recent decades. This type of stone is used in the floors and walls of lobbies,halls, conference halls and other places. Slabs with a thickness of more than 2 cm are also used in the production of decorative construction tools. Slab stone is also used in toilets and lightboxes. Onyx slabs have a special effect because of the backlight.
This stone should be cut with excellent polishing system, same thickness and high transparency, it should be noted that the cutting of this stone must be done very accurately and uniformly.
- Advantages of slab stone:
High variety in beauty and color: No artificial color is used in this stone. Natural stones will be cut with the same shape and appearance and presented to the market.
High adhesion strength: Water and cement are used to install this stone, and due to its high adhesion, it is possible to install it easily at high altitudes.
Strength and Toughness: This natural stone has a very high strength and power and shows high resistance to mechanical stress, breakage, crushing and air temperature.
Easy maintenance: Because of the naturalness of slab stone, this stone can be used in its space without the need for any special storage conditions. It is also easy and cheap to clean natural slab stone.
Environmental compatibility: Slab stone does not contain any contaminants that are harmful to health, therefore as a building material, it is safe.
The mentioned properties make slab stone one of the export stones. Although many building materials look bad over the years, natural slab stone retains its beautiful appearance.
Slab production stages
To produce this stone, after extracting raw blocks of building stones from the mine, they are transferred to a stone cutting factory to be turned into sheets in different dimensions.
There are two methods for processing raw stone: using saw machines that are the type of stone, the result of this machine and the second method is using the peak machine that the tile stone is the output of this machine.
Usually, for producing slab stone, higher quality stones are used for cutting. Due to the use of more expensive cuttings and the high processing cost of slab stones compared to tile stone, its price is also higher than tile stone. Also, in recent years, due to increased exports and more domestic productivity, the production of this stone has increased
Why use slab stone in the building?
The use of this stone has been very popular for some time. But what is the reason for this ubiquity and popularity? In this article, we will discuss the benefits of slab stones:
The high adhesion of this type of stone is one of the most important features of this stone. Because of its high adhesion, it can be easily used at high altitudes. Appearance beauty and variety in stone design is the concern of many architects and interior designers, and slab stone due to its high variety in design and color and its naturalness can be a good option to address this concern. And its high diversity makes it possible to have no restrictions on the use of this stone and it is possible to use it in different parts of office and residential buildings. It should be noted that no artificial colors are used in this stone.
Another feature of this stone is its easy maintenance. Due to the naturalness of this stone and the formation of this stone in the natural space, you can use this stone without any worries and special storage conditions.
And one of the most important features of slab stones is its natural strength and hardness. This stone is highly resistant to breakage, crushing, mechanical pressures and air temperature.
Installing slab stone on the wall
Slab contraction joints should intersect at the openings for columns and should intersect at the openings for columns and should intersect at the openings for columns. For example, to install marble on a wall, you must keep in mind that your goal in this performance is to pass light; So the type of materials used is different.
Installation of slab stone on the floor of the building
Another use of slabs is its execution on the floor of the building and the installation of slabs on the floor of the building requires technical and environmental prerequisites. The desired location should be perfectly smooth and even so that the slabs used do not break, and perhaps the most difficult part of the work can be related to this case. Of course, the challenge of choosing the right stone for the floor of the building should also be mentioned. Considering the efficiency of the building (for example, office building, hotel, restaurant, etc.), the background color chosen and the budget intended for the design, as well as for when you intend to use only the dimensions of the slab on the floor, you need to pay attention to this The point is, the selected stone can also be processed in slab dimensions.